Hardly any migrants work in the sex business in Slovakia, yet there is no law that specifically concerns migrant sex workers, who are protected only in the cases of trafficking, coercion into prostitution or other criminal offences mentioned in the Penal Code. Local regulations that hold for nationals hold also for migrant sex workers.

EU citizens need no visa for a legal stay in Slovakia, non-EU citizens need a visa. There are four avenues for the legal stay of migrants in Slovakia:

Temporary Residence

This permission to stay is based solely on the purpose of the sojourn, which may include business activity, an employee contract, formal study, or for special activities, such as tutors of foreign languages or special skills, artistic or sports activities, family reunion, or to perform the duties of the civilian employees of foreign armies who have official duty in Slovakia. For EU citizens temporary residence is for a maximum of five (5) years, whereas for non-EU citizens temporary residence is for a maximum of three (3) years.

Permanent Residence

This permission concerns only direct or indirect family members of Slovakian citizens who have a permanent address in Slovakia. The permission of permanent residence is given for a maximum of five (5) years for the first time, thereafter, based on good behaviour, it is without limit.

Tolerated Residence

This permission concerns the victims of human trafficking, minors under the age of 18 that have been found in Slovakia, and those who seek temporary refuge by the cause of military conflict, endemic violence, natural calamities, and massive acts of violence and the infringement of human rights in the country of origin


Asylum may be granted to the persons justifiably fearful of persecution based on race, nationality or religion, expression of their personal political views, appurtenance to certain social groups, to persons who have been persecuted for proclaiming political rights and freedoms, and to reunite the members of a family, as wife, husband, child under the age of eighteen (18) or to the parents of persons who live in asylum in Slovakia.